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新目标英语八年级下期末复习 单元作文点拨课件(共49张ppt)

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八年级英语下册

各单元作文点拨
       Unit 1 What’s the matter?


        本单元以“健康和急救”为话题, 围绕这一话题主要谈论健
康问题和意外事故, 以及如何合理地提出建议。健康话题是新
课程标准中要求的一个重要学习话题, 也是单元测试及中考常
考的话题作文之一。
【习作在线】 
        假如你是Peter的好朋友Li Lei, 你听说Peter近来因为考试
而忙碌, 并且得了重感冒, 头疼得厉害。请你给他写封信, 建议
他去看医生, 并告诉他要注意身体。要求70个词左右。
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
【思路点拨】 
(1)体裁: _______。
       应用文
(2)人称: _________。
       第二人称
(3)时态: ___________及含情态动词______的句式。
       一般现在时                should
【佳作鉴赏】 
Dear Peter, 
I’m sorry to hear that you have a bad cold and a headache.  I 
think you should go to a doctor and take some medicine.  I know 
these days you are very busy studying for the exams, but you 
should look after your health.  It is important for everyone to be 
healthy.  If you want to study better, you must keep in good 
health.  I hope you’ll feel better soon.  
                                            Yours, 
                                             Li Lei
Unit 2 I ’ll help to clean up the city parks.


           本单元以“志愿活动”为话题, 围绕这一话题谈论如何“提
   供帮助”。而最能全面体现本单元话题及语言运用能力的话题
   作文就是关于“提供帮助或谈论参加志愿活动”等内容的写作
   。这也是单元测试和中考常考的话题作文之一。
【习作在线】 
        爱是心中的太阳, 融化你我身边的冰雪。假设你是李明, 
你们学校的“English     Garden”正在举办主题为“付出即收获”
的征文活动, 请你联系自己平时的爱心行为和感受写一篇文章
投稿。
        要求: 1.  文中不得出现真实人名和校名等相关信息。
                  2.  80~100个词, 标题和文章开头已给出, 不计入总
词数。
        参考词汇: help, clean up, an old people’s home, make.  .  .  
happy
                   Giving Is Receiving
  I am a student from Green Middle School.  ____________
_____________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________
【思路点拨】 
(1)体裁: _______。
       说明文
(2)人称: _________。
       第一人称
(3)时态: ___________。
       一般现在时
【佳作鉴赏】 
                    Giving Is Receiving
  I am a student from Green Middle School.  My name is 
Li Ming.  I like helping others because I think it makes me 
happy.  I often help my classmates with their schoolwork.  
Sometimes I help to clean up city parks.  I go to the old 
people’s home and do some cleaning for them once a month.  
So I’m pretty popular there.  I often visit the Children’s 
Hospital to cheer the sick kids up.  I read stories and sing
songs for them.  I’m good with children.  I also give money to 
charities to help people in trouble.  I think giving is receiving.  
Helping others is helping ourselves.  Do you agree with me? 
    Unit 3 Could you please 
        clean your room? 

        本单元以“家务、杂务”为话题, 围绕这一话题, 引导学生
学习掌握情态动词could表示委婉地请求以及请求许可的用法
。以谈论家务以及对家务喜欢与不喜欢的原因和理由为话题
的作文或是请求他人帮忙的电子邮件之类的书面表达是单元
测试或中考所常考查的。
【习作在线】 
    假如你是Tom, 这个周末你与父母去海滨度假, 你的宠物
猫需要好友Jim帮忙照顾, 请给Jim留言。
Dear Jim, 
___________________________________________________
___________________________________________________
                                          Thanks, 
                                             Tom
【思路点拨】 
(1)体裁: _______。
       记叙文
(2)人称: _________。
       第二人称
(3)时态: ___________。
       一般现在时
【佳作鉴赏】 
Dear Jim, 
        My parents and I are going to the beach for vacation this 
weekend.   But we can’t take our cat; I need your help.   Could 
you please take care of her? Could you please do these things 
every day? Give her water and feed her three times a day.   Then 
wash her bowl.   If you have more time, please play with her or 
take her for a walk.  Don’t forget to clean her bed every night.  
Have fun! See you next Monday.  
                                           Thanks, 
                                              Tom
    Unit 4 Why don’t you talk 
           to your parents?


        本单元以“谈论问题, 提出建议”为话题。在写作时, 应针
对问题提出建议, 此话题是新课程标准中要求学习的一个重要
话题, 也是单元测试和中考等试题中常考的话题作文之一。
【习作在线】 
  假如你是Julia, Jane是你的好朋友, 但她弄丢了你的书, 为
此你们发生了争执, 并多日未交谈, 想起往日的友情, 你觉得有
必要写一封信向她道歉, 并向她提出爱护好自己物品的建议。
请就此给她发一封电子邮件表示你的诚意。
________________________________________________
________________________________________________
_________________________________________________
【思路点拨】 
(1)体裁: _______。
        应用文
(2)人称: _________。
        第一人称
(3)时态: ___________。
        一般过去时
【佳作鉴赏】 
Dear Jane,     
      I’m sorry to have a fight with you a few days ago.  
    We haven’t talked with each other these days.  You are still my 
best friend, aren’t you? 
        Some days ago, when I heard that you lost my book, I was 
really mad.  So I argued with you, and said that I could not be 
your best friend from then on.  Later, I didn’t sleep well at night.  
I always remembered a lot of fun we had.  So I decided to write a 
letter to say sorry to you.  I also think you should be careful and 
take good care of your things.  Let’s be best friends again, OK? 
                                             Yours, 
                                              Julia
      Unit 5 What were you doing 
      when the rainstorm came?


        本单元以“讲述过去某一时刻或一段时间内正在发生的事
”为话题, 围绕这一话题谈论人们在过去某个时间正在做某事
。这是单元测试和中考等试题中常考的话题作文之一。
【习作在线】 
  假如你是大明, 上星期六晚上7点钟, 你们一家人都在做什
么呢? 请根据下表提示写一篇短文进行描述。
        要求: 
        1.  词数: 80个左右; 
        2.  可适当增加细节, 以使行文连贯。
________________________________________________
________________________________________________
________________________________________________
________________________________________________
【思路点拨】 
(1)体裁: _______。
       记叙文
(2)人称: ___________________。
       第三人称和第一人称
(3)时态: ___________。
       过去进行时
【佳作鉴赏】 
  Hello, I’m Daming.   Last Saturday evening, my family were 
all at home.  At7: 00, my grandparents were watching TV in the 
room.  My father was drawing a picture at the desk.   My mother 
was washing clothes.   My sister wanted to take part in a piano 
competition and she was playing the piano.  What was my 
brother doing? Oh, he was chatting with his friends on the 
Internet.  What about me? I was listening to music in my 
bedroom.  What a happy family! 
 Unit 6 An old man tried to 
     move the mountains

    本单元主要以“讲故事”为主线, 故事属于记叙文, 一般要有
故事的内容(what)、人物(who)、时间(when)、地点(where)、
起因(why)和情节发展(how), 以介绍故事的发展为主要内容, 我
们可确定在写作过程中要运用的主要时态是一般过去时。
【习作在线】
        “龟兔赛跑”是我们从小就耳熟能详的故事, 根据图片内容, 
写一篇80个词左右的小故事。
        要求: 字迹工整, 语言流畅, 表达正确, 逻辑清晰。
        提示词: rabbit兔子; tortoise乌龟; have a race赛跑; go on 
running继续跑; wake up醒来; the finishing line终点线
___________________________________________________
___________________________________________________
___________________________________________________
【思路点拨】 
(1)体裁: _______。
        记叙文
(2)人称: _________。
        第三人称
(3)时态: ___________。
        一般过去时
【佳作鉴赏】
        Once upon a time, there lived a rabbit and a tortoise in the 
forest.  One day, they had a race.  At first, the rabbit hurried in 
front of the tortoise.  Then he was tired, and wanted to have a 
break.  So he lied on the road and soon fell asleep.  But the 
tortoise didn’t stop, he went on running.  Finally, the rabbit woke 
up, but it was too late.  The tortoise got to the finishing line. 
      Unit 7 W hat’s the highest 
        mountain in the world?


     本单元谈论地理和自然方面的有关知识。运用数字来陈
述比较真实。其中较能体现本单元语言运用能力的话题是“对
濒临灭绝动物的保护”, 也是中考常考的话题。
【习作在线】 
  以“Saving   Tigers”为题, 为某中学生英文报“习作园地”专
栏写一篇80个词左右的征文稿, 内容要点如下: 
1.  老虎是人们在动物园里最喜欢观看的动物之一; 
2.  现在世界上仅存大约3 200只老虎, 数目日趋减少; 
3.  老虎处境危险的原因; 
4.  保护老虎的建议。
__________________________________________________
___________________________________________________
【思路点拨】 
(1)体裁: _______。
        记叙文
(2)人称: _________。
        第三人称
(3)时态: ___________。
        一般现在时
【佳作鉴赏】  
                    Saving Tigers
  Have you visited zoos? Have you seen tigers in the zoos? I 
think a tiger is one of the most favorite animals that people like 
to see in the zoos.   But now there are only about3, 200tigers in 
the world, and the amount of them is reducing.   Why? Because 
many trees are cut down and the tigers have no place to live in.   
In order to protect them we must build many natural reserves.  
And we must stop people from hunting. 
          Unit 8 Have you read 
          Treasure Island yet?


    本单元以“literature  and music”为话题, 围绕这一话题主
要谈论最近发生的事情及经历, 引导学生学习现在完成时的用
法。因此谈论过去的经历和感受、介绍曾经读过的文学作品
、听过的音乐及其影响等将是单元测试中常考的话题。
【习作在线】 
  根据下面所提供的信息, 写一篇英语短文。
  1.  来自伦敦的Lucy小时候事事和母亲争吵; 
   2.  但是10年前正当她在中国学习时, 她听了一首充满怀
念母爱之情的民歌《妈妈的吻》(Mother’s Kiss); 
  3.  自此, Lucy成了一个中国民歌迷。
   4.  现在她还未回到伦敦, 但她真的希望有一天能把这首
歌唱给她妈妈听。
        要求: 
  1.  词数: 80个左右; 
  2.  字迹工整, 语言流畅, 表达正确, 逻辑清晰。
___________________________________________________
___________________________________________________
___________________________________________________
【思路点拨】 
(1)体裁: _______。
       记叙文
(2)人称: _________。
       第三人称
(3)时态: _______________________。
       一般过去时和现在完成时
【佳作鉴赏】 
        Lucy came from London.  When she was young, she used to 
fight over almost everything with her mother.  But ten years ago, 
while she was studying in China, she heard a Chinese folk song 
full of feelings about missing mother’s love.  It made Lucy think 
about her mother in London.  She came to realize how much her 
mother loved her.  Ever since then, she has been a fan of 
Chinese folk songs.  
       Lucy hasn’t been back to London yet, but she really hopes to 
sing Mother’s Kiss to her mother some day. 
       Unit 9  Have you ever 
        been to a museum?


  本单元以“fun places(有趣的地方)”为话题, 围绕这一话题, 
引导学生学习现在完成时的用法。因此谈论过去的经历和感
受、介绍某个有趣的去处将是单元测试中常考的话题。
【习作在线】 
    根据下面所提供的信息, 写一篇介绍济南野生(wild)动物
园的英语短文。
        1.  济南野生动物园坐落在济南的东南部; 
        2.  动物园里有很多动物, 如老虎、狮子、熊(bear)、狼
(wolf)以及各种鸟类; 
        3.  动物可以在园内自由活动, 游客可以在天桥上(the 
bridge above the park)观赏。
     ______________________________________________
___________________________________________________
___________________________________________________
【思路点拨】 
(1)体裁: _______。
       记叙文
(2)人称: _________。
       第一人称
(3)时态: _______________________。
       一般过去时和现在完成时
【佳作鉴赏】 
  Last Sunday, I with my parents went to the Wild Animal 
Park in Jinan.  Have you ever been to the Wild Animal Park in 
Jinan? If you have never been there, let me tell you something 
about it. 
       The park is in the southeast of Jinan.  It’s a good place to 
watch animals.  The park is very big.  There are all kinds of 
animals—tigers, lions, bears, wolves, and lots of birds in it.  
Many people go there, especially on weekends.  The wild animals 
can go anywhere freely.  Tourists can watch them on the bridge 
above the park.  It’s just so much fun in the park.  If you go 
there, I’m sure you will have a wonderful time. 
  Unit 10  I ’ve had this bike 
          for three years.


        本单元以“生活环境”为话题, 以“谈论周围的所有物和物
品”为语言目标。最能全面体现本单元话题及语言运用能力的
作文就是“谈论自己拥有的物品”, 这也是单元测试和中考试题
中经常考到的作文话题之一。
【习作在线】 
    在你成长的过程中一定会有一些你喜欢的, 难以舍弃的物
品, 请以“My  favorite thing”为题目写一篇短文, 词数不少于80
个。
___________________________________________________
___________________________________________________
___________________________________________________
【思路点拨】 
(1)体裁: _______。
        说明文
(2)人称: ___________________。
        第一人称或第二人称
(3)时态: _______________________。
        一般过去时和现在完成时
【佳作鉴赏】 
                  My favorite thing
        I have kept many things that I like.  But my favorite thing is 
a sweater.  I have had it for six years.  
       When I was ten years old, I liked beautiful clothes.  In a 
clothes store, I saw a beautiful sweater, I wanted to buy it.  But 
my parents said it was too expensive.  I was very sad.  On my 
birthday, my parents bought me two books.  To be honest, I 
didn’t like them.  My aunt also bought a gift.  I can’t wait to open 
it.  Wow, it was a beautiful sweater.  I liked it very much.  
Although it is very old now, I still like it. 
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